Experimental realization of millimeter-wave amplification by a sheet beam free electron laser
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We report an observation of millimeter-wave (94 GHz) amplification in a sheet beam, short period, planar wiggler: free electron laser amplifier. The observed gain is about 5 dB for a 530 keV, 4 A beam through a 54 cm wiggler. Wave energy absorption was also observed when the beam energy is off-resonance. Experimental results are in good agreement with numerical simulation. This amplifier configuration has potential for producing equally high output power but at relatively low voltage compared with longer period free electron lasers.
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